It is expected that the new technology will lead to major and widespread disruptions, with winners and losers. Some authors liken the magnitude of changes that will occur as a result of new technologies to the changes that arose during previous economic revolutions, such as the Industrial Revolution. As the new technologies advance deeper into everyday use, they raise the question—how will they transform society, the economy, and politics (West 2018; Lee 2018)?
In this section we consider the possible implications, effects of, and concerns with new technologies. There is little empirical evidence of the implications of the new technology. Thus, much of the discussion of the implications in the literature might be considered conjecture or informed speculation.
It is helpful to think of the implications as falling into one (or more) of the following four categories.
This category includes how new technology affects how organizations conduct their business. The category also includes consideration of what new service/activity can be provided as a result of new technology. Finally, the category includes the indirect effects on governments and nonprofits that result from changes to other entities driven by new technology.
The implications considered in this category are associated with the cause-and-effect paradigm of social science research. In other words, this category focuses on the effects and consequences of the implementation of new technology, but would also include explanations for why applications have or have not been adopted.
This category includes the required changes to institutions, laws, regulations, policies, systems, etc. that are needed to address the generally undesirable consequences of new technology.
This category focuses on the necessary changes in education and training that are driven by the new technology, including both what policy schools need to include in their courses, and what changes are needed in K-12, technical training, and executive training. The category also includes how the new technology can alter the delivery of education.
Return to the Applications section of the “Identifying the Landscape of New Technology” report.
Return to the overview of the “Identifying the Landscape of New Technology” report.